Comparative Politics

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By Jonathan A. Fox

How can the seeds of responsibility ever develop in authoritarian environments? Embedding responsibility into the country is an inherently asymmetric, partial and contested strategy. Campaigns for public responsibility usually win restricted concessions at top, yet they could go away cracks within the process that function handholds for next efforts to open up the kingdom to public scrutiny. This e-book explores the how civil society ''thickens'' through evaluating twenty years of rural electorate' struggles to carry the Mexican country in charge, exploring either switch and continuity earlier than, in the course of, and after nationwide electoral turning issues. The e-book addresses how a lot power-sharing rather occurs in coverage ideas that come with participatory social and environmental councils, citizen oversight of elections, neighborhood executive social funding cash, participation reforms in international financial institution tasks, community-managed nutrients courses, in addition to new social oversight and public info entry reforms. in the meantime, efforts to workout voice spread whilst rural electorate think of their go out innovations, as hundreds of thousands migrate to the united states, the place many have considering come jointly in a brand new migrant civil society. due to the fact reasons of electoral swap don't account for the way humans truly adventure the kingdom, this booklet concludes that new analytical frameworks are had to comprehend ''transitions to accountability.'' This comprises unpacking the interplay among participation, transparency and responsibility. Oxford reports in Democratization is a chain for students and scholars of comparative politics and similar disciplines. Volumes pay attention to the comparative research of the democratization procedure that followed the decline and termination of the chilly conflict. The geographical concentration of the sequence is essentially Latin the United States, the Caribbean, Southern and jap Europe, and correct studies in Africa and Asia. The sequence editor is Laurence Whitehead, legit Fellow, Nuffield collage, college of Oxford.

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This chapter suggests that many of those who left the countryside to seek a better future in the USA turned to exit partly in response to their lack of voice. Yet many later found a collective voice as migrants—both in their home communities and in the USA. ’ This chapter explores this new concept by exploring how migrants have forged collective civic, social, and political identities, transcending kinship networks and microlevel transnational communities. A new generation of organized Mexican migrants is engaging with both US and Mexican states and societies at the same time, constructing practices of ‘civic binationality’ that challenge the pressures from both national political systems and cultures to oblige them to define their engagements in terms of mutually exclusive nation-states.

This debate was most pointed in South Africa, where human rights violators received amnesty in exchange for public confessions (Gibson 2005; Rotberg and Thompson 2000). In short, explicit benchmarks are necessary for measuring and explaining varying degrees of accountability. A ‘relativist’ approach is critical because some partial degree of accountability is usually the most one can expect, given the persistent power of anti-accountability forces. The Directionality of Accountability Spatial metaphors offer useful tools for addressing the issue of the directionality of accountability.

15 Media coverage—or fear of media coverage—does sometimes 15 The alarm metaphor refers to the classic distinction between centralized command control vs. demand-driven, decentralized approaches, as in police patrols and fire alarms (McCubbins and Schwartz 1984). See the related discussion in Chapter 9. g. Stanley 2005). g. Behrend 2006; Smulovitz 2006). Insofar as civil society actors pressure the state from below, they can be agents of vertical accountability. Yet to the degree that they, together with the media and opposition parties, bolster official checks and balances, they are also indirect agents of horizontal accountability.

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