By Igor Agranovski
This self-contained instruction manual and prepared reference examines aerosol technological know-how and know-how intensive, offering an in depth perception into this innovative box. As such, it covers primary strategies, experimental equipment, and a large choice of functions, starting from aerosol filtration to organic aerosols, and from the synthesis of carbon nanotubes to aerosol reactors.Written by means of a number of across the world well known specialists within the box, this can be a vital source for chemists and engineers within the chemical and fabrics disciplines throughout a number of industries, in addition to excellent supplementary interpreting in graduate point classes.
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Additional resources for Aerosols: Science and Technology
4 Diffusion Charging of Aerosol Particles At ﬁrst sight the process of particle charging looks similar to particle condensation: an ion moving in the carrier gas approaches the particle and sticks to it. However, the difference between these two processes (condensation and charging) is quite signiﬁcant. Even in the case when the ion interacts with a neutral particle, one cannot ignore the inﬂuence of the image forces. As was explained at the very beginning of this chapter, the motion of the ion is deﬁned by two parameters: Kn = 2D/vT a (the Knudsen number) and Cu = Ze2 /akT (the Coulomb number).
61) describes the gain in the g-mer concentration cg (t) due to coalescence of (g − l)- and l-mers, while the second one is responsible for the losses of g-mers due to their sticking to all other particles. 61) can be rewritten in the integral form (sums on the right-hand side of Eq. 62) 0 Eqs. 63) where c0 are known function of g. 64) The physical meaning of this expression is apparent: it is just the geometrical cross-section of g- and l-mers times their mutual thermal velocity times their reduced mass.
The authors concluded that this theory should replace other approximations for the description of soot optical properties, such as Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering for an equivalent sphere. Lushnikov and Maximenko  investigated the localization effects in FAs and found that FAs with D < 3/2 consisting of weakly absorbing materials may nevertheless be ‘‘black’’ due to the capture of the incident light quanta by voids inside the FAs. Other optical properties (hyper-combinational scattering, scattering at small angles, and photoabsorption) of FAs were also investigated .