By Christina Hellmich
For the reason that September 11, al-Qaeda has ruled American discussions of nationwide and foreign safeguard. but conflicting assumptions in regards to the nature of the gang and the consequences of bin Ladin's demise abound. instead of simply offering yet one more biography of al-Qaeda, Christina Hellmich forensically examines the main authoritative resources on which the current realizing of al-Qaeda is predicated, reading the discrepancies among what's suggested and what can realistically be recognized. the result's a penetrating perception into a firm that for all its notoriety is among the least understood of our time.
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Extra resources for al-Qaeda: From Global Network to Local Franchise
27 It was only during the FBI-led investigation into the bombings that the term was used to describe a traditionally structured terrorist organization. For Burke, the reasons behind this development are obvious: The culture of the FBI is focused on achieving convictions, and the teams working on the prosecution of those responsible for the east African embassy bombings of August 1998 had to work within the extant laws, particularly those of conspiracy. Such laws were designed to deal with coherent and structured criminal enterprises, not with amorphous and dispersed politico-religious movements where responsibility for any one single act is difficult to pin down.
There appears to be a consensus in the literature which asserts that bin Ladin and al-qaeda Zawahiri had been invited to Sudan at the behest of Hassan alTurabi, a Sudanese Islamist and prominent figure in the Council for National Salvation, headed by President Omar al-Bashir. The new Islamic regime had swept to power in a coup in 1989 and Turabi was a hugely influential figure, although he was later to be arrested and imprisoned a number of times for alleged conspiracies against the Bashir regime.
The regime reciprocated Osama’s assistance by giving him and Al Qaeda sanctuary, and by providing weapons, equipment and training facilities. Furthermore, Al Qaeda was permitted to use Afghanistan’s national aircraft to transport members, al-qaeda recruits and supplies from overseas. 86 It is, however, difficult to understand fully how bin Ladin was able to become an influential figure on such a grand scale in Afghanistan by means of his wealth when, if Burke and Wright are correct, he was effectively broke after his Sudanese foray.