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By Russell A. Berman

Since September eleven, 2001, the attitudes of Europeans towards the us have grown an increasing number of adverse. for lots of in Europe, the terrorist assault on ny urban was once noticeable as proof of the way American habit elicits hostility—and the way it will be as much as americans to repent and alter their methods. during this revealing examine the deep divide that has emerged, Russell A. Berman explores some of the dimensions of up to date eu anti-Americanism. the writer exhibits how, because the technique of post–cold struggle eu unification has advanced, anti-Americanism has confirmed to be an invaluable ideology for the definition of a brand new eu identification. He examines this rising id and exhibits the way it has led Europeans to a place adversarial to any "regime switch" by way of the United States—no subject how undesirable the regime may perhaps be—whether in Serbia, Afghanistan, or Iraq.

Berman info the elements—some cultural, a few easily irrational—of this stressful move and tells why it really is more likely to stay a function of kinfolk among the us and Europe for the foreseeable destiny. He explains how anti-Americanism operates like an obsessive prejudice and stereotype, impervious to rational arguments or real evidence, and indicates how the destructive reaction to U.S. rules may be traced to a bigger, extra deeply rooted stream opposed to globalization. Anti-Americanism in Western Europe isn't just a pleasant war of words, it's a widening chasm. This ebook makes an important contribution to realizing this crucial ideological challenge.

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Extra info for Anti-Americanism in Europe: A Cultural Problem

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In contrast, the two primary American allies in the world wars display slight majorities for increased spending: in the United Kingdom 24 percent for expanded spending and 24 Anti-Americanism in Europe 21 percent for cutbacks, and in France 28 percent for expansion and 23 percent for cutbacks. Whether a country was on the winning or the losing side in the Second World War evidently has a significant effect on attitudes toward defense spending. The findings for Poland are particularly noteworthy with percentages nearly identical to the findings for the United States: 45 percent for expanded spending and 14 percent for cutting back (indeed, if only by a 1 percent difference, Polish public opinion supports increased defense spending more adamantly than does American ).

In this case, it is not, strictly speaking, an internal German factor that shapes the perception of the United States, but a regional process: the relationship of Europe, of which Germany is a key component, to the United States. representation of the united states in german print media Several surveys of representations of the United States and of public opinion regarding foreign policy can help The German Perception 13 shed light on these matters. 2 To be sure, one should be cautious not to overstate the significance of these data.

Yet the fact that the German curve is so extreme is a result of internal German cultural factors: the pro-American legacy of cold war era relations on the one hand, and on the other, the devastating judgment on the American wars viewed through the historically over-determined lens of German pacifism. The positive approval rate for the United States in Germany has dropped by a remarkable 33 percentage points, more than it has dropped anywhere else. )4 It is not unreasonable to assume that estimations of another country are based partly on perceptions of value systems: shared values may support a positive estimation, whereas conflicting values may lead to negative judgments.

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