The unparalleled value of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill offers major demanding situations for oil spill responders and people tasked with assessing the affects of the spill. comparing alterations to environment services—the advantages humans obtain from usual assets and processes—caused by way of the oil spill might extend the aptitude to catch and price the entire breadth of affects to the atmosphere and the general public. This record assesses the equipment and metrics that can aid scientists successfully overview surroundings companies.
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Additional info for Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)
1994; Turner and Rabalais, 2003). Watershed manipulations along with natural deltaic processes and intense human development of the coastal zone have resulted in the loss of over 5,000 km2 of wetlands since the 1930s (updated from Barras, 2006). Meade (1995) estimated that the sediment load of the Mississippi River since the beginning of the twentieth century is roughly half of its contribution in the early 1700s. During the twentieth century, the hydrology of the Mississippi River system was greatly altered by locks, dams, reservoirs, earthwork levees, channel straightening, and spillways for purposes of flood protection, navigation, and water supply.
Pdf. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report INTRODUCTION Chapter 3. Resilience: Narrowly defined, resilience is the ability of an ecosystem to recover following a perturbation. As described in the NRC report Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts (2008b), “Resilience thinking is one new approach to addressing the decline in the capacity of communities, ecosystems, and landscapes to provide essential services.
It tends to be more difficult to place an economic value on a service where there is no actively traded good or service in a market. Though even among non-marketed ecosystem services there is a range of difficulty, with those that affect recreation being more amenable to valuation than the existence value of a species or spiritual or aesthetic values. This committee has been tasked with describing the strengths and weaknesses of various valuation methods rather than placing a specific monetary value or some other quantitative estimate of value on the impact of the DWH spill on ecosystem services.