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Download Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the by Scott G. Schreiber PDF

By Scott G. Schreiber

A accomplished examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies.

Presenting the 1st book-length learn in English of Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations, this paintings takes a clean examine this seminal textual content on fake reasoning. via a cautious and demanding research of Aristotle's examples of sophistical reasoning, Scott G. Schreiber explores Aristotle's purpose for his taxonomy of twelve fallacy forms. opposite to convinced sleek makes an attempt to minimize all wrong reasoning to both error of logical shape or linguistic imprecision, Aristotle insists that, as very important as shape and language are, particular types of fake reasoning derive their persuasiveness from flawed ideals concerning the nature of language and the character of the realm.

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Additional resources for Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the Sophistical Refutations (SUNY Series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)

Example text

Sophists are particularly adept in making false reasoning look true. One tactic of the simulation is to take advantage of a particular feature of language, a power of names for multiple signification. But “multiple signification” itself signifies different phenomena for Aristotle. E. 1, he argues that in one sense multiple signification is a necessary feature of language. The basis of this necessity is the nonisomorphic relationship between limited names and unlimited things. This particular power of multiple signification is not a deficiency of language; without it, language would fail to meet the human need to attain knowledge of his world.

This latter phenomenon, however, turns out to be one of the chief culprits among Aristotle’s examples of fallacies based on linguistic double meanings. The power of multiple signification includes for Aristotle both (nonhomonymous) universals that apply to multiple individuals of the same definition17 and homonymous names that signify things having different definitions. The former is a necessary feature of language based on the nonisomorphic relationship between names and things signifiable, while the latter is a purely contingent feature of any given language.

This latter phenomenon, however, turns out to be one of the chief culprits among Aristotle’s examples of fallacies based on linguistic double meanings. The power of multiple signification includes for Aristotle both (nonhomonymous) universals that apply to multiple individuals of the same definition17 and homonymous names that signify things having different definitions. The former is a necessary feature of language based on the nonisomorphic relationship between names and things signifiable, while the latter is a purely contingent feature of any given language.

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