By Norman Uphoff, Andrew S. Ball, Erick Fernandes, Hans Herren, Olivier Husson, Mark Laing, Cheryl Palm, Jules Pretty, Pedro Sanchez, Nteranya Sanginga, Janice Thies
Worldwide agriculture is now on the crossroads. the golf green Revolution of the final century is wasting momentum. premiums of progress in meals creation are actually declining, with land and water assets changing into scarcer, whereas global inhabitants keeps to develop. we have to proceed to spot and percentage the information that may help winning and sustainable agriculture platforms. those rely crucially on soil. Gaining overseas realization, Dr. Uphoff’s efforts to advertise and increase sustainable agriculture was once lately featured within the N.Y. occasions Led by way of Norman Uphoff, across the world popular for his proactive method of global starvation, this quantity brings jointly 102 specialists representing 28 countries and a number of disciplines to document on achievements in sustainable soil-system administration. whereas accepting a few carrying on with position for chemical and different exterior inputs, this e-book provides ways that plants might be produced affordably in larger abundance with lessened dependence at the exogenous assets that experience pushed the growth of agriculture long ago. together with the paintings of either researchers and practitioners, this significant quantity — · Explores soil platforms in a number of weather stipulations · Discusses the significance of symbiotic relationships among crops and soil organisms, taking a look at vegetation as necessary and interdependent contributors in ecosystems · Seeks to lessen the gap among medical examine and technical perform · Examines similar concerns similar to pest and disorder regulate, weather switch, fertility recovery, and makes use of of tracking and modeling With 50 self-contained chapters, this paintings presents researchers, practitioners, and coverage makers with a entire realizing of the technological know-how and steps had to make the most of soil platforms for the long term advantage of humankind. for info at the SRI, approach of Rice Intensification being built via Uphoff and others, visit http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/
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Additional resources for Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment)
We were encouraged also by other work that we were learning about, undertaken by colleagues from around the world and reported in other chapters in Part III and Part IV. This volume is intended to communicate the scope and substance of biological approaches to managing soil systems (a) to scientists who have an interest in innovation and practice, and (b) to practitioners who are concerned with improving agriculture on a broader scale, both spatially and over time, based on better scientiﬁc understandings.
At the equator, day length is always about 12 h, considerably shorter than the long summer days in temperate regions. The latter can have 50 – 100% more daily solar radiation during their summer growing season, but year-round exposure to intensive sunlight gives tropical soil systems more total energy to produce biomass above- and belowground. The other main asset in much of the tropics is moisture, although excess rainfall can become a liability. In the humid equatorial zone where rainfall is most abundant and almost continuous, the effects of this resource become dominant.
Although this dominance of input-intensive methods is more common today in temperate regions, it can be found in tropical areas as well (Robertson and Harwood, 2001). In fact, as mechanized, intensive agriculture has moved into the tropics, for example, large-scale soybean production in Brazil, there are the same kinds of problems, though rates of change may differ. The challenge in both temperate and tropical regions is similar: how to maintain, enhance, and restore the contributions of soil biology to the fertility and sustainability of agricultural ecosystems.