By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer
Within the mid-1980s public overall healthiness officers in North the United States, Europe, Japan, and Australia found that nearly 1/2 the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of millions of blood transfusion recipients, have been contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This booklet presents a comparative point of view at the political, felony, and social struggles that emerged based on the HIV illness of the blood provide of the industrialized international. It describes how 8 international locations spoke back to the 1st indicators that AIDS can be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood provide faltered, and what measures have been finally applied to unravel the infection. The authors aspect the impressive mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the kingdom, the clinical institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. in any case, the blood institutions in just about all the complicated business countries have been shaken. In Canada, the purple go was once pressured to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical corporations that synthetic clotting issue agreed to giant repayment -- $500,000 consistent with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to criminal. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs was once rather small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has led to the main protracted felony and administrative clash in smooth Danish historical past. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the stories of the us, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and financial dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
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Additional info for Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster
While limited, however, transfusions are not unknown in many Third World countries, especially in large cities. With the background level of HIV infection rising, the epidemiological picture is changing. A report from Vietnam in late 1997, for example, revealed that at least 100 people had contracted HIV infection from blood transfusions. Although Vietnamese blood is screened for HIV antibody, such testing can fail to detect the presence of infection during the first months after a donor contracts HIV.
15 Kellner and Bove were not alone. 16 Among them was Dr. June Osborn, who in later years would be named chair to the National AIDS Commission. To the voices of skepticism at the January 4 meeting, CDC officials responded with a sense of dismay and urgency. 17 Donald Francis, who would in later years emerge as a sharp public critic of the lethargy of the early response to the threat of AIDS to the blood supply, and who would on retirement from the CDC offer his services as an expert to plaintiffs in litigation against blood banks and the industry, met the resistance with exasperation.
8 And there was, indeed, increasing reason for concern. At a December 4, 1982, meeting of the Blood Products Advisory Committee of the Food and Drug Administration, a CDC official reported five additional cases of AIDS among hemophiliacs. He also reported an ongoing investigation of five AIDS cases that might well have been linked to blood transfusions received within the prior 18 months. In one case, an infant had received a donation from a gay man who, though apparently healthy at the time of donation, had developed AIDS seven months later.