Download Border Crossings: Mexican and Mexican-American Workers by John Mason Hart PDF

By John Mason Hart

The heritage of Mexican and Mexican-American operating sessions has been segregated by way of the political boundary that separates the U.S. of the United States from the U.S. of Mexico. therefore, students have lengthy overlooked the social, cultural, and political threads that the 2 teams carry in universal. extra, they've got seldom addressed the impression of yankee values and enterprises at the operating classification of that nation. Compiled via one of many major North American specialists at the Mexican Revolution, the essays in Border Crossings: Mexican and Mexican-American staff discover the old procedure at the back of the formation of the Mexican and Mexican- American operating sessions. the quantity connects the background in their studies from the cultural beginnings and the increase of industrialism in Mexico to the past due 20th century within the U.S. Border Crossings notes the same social studies and methods of Mexican staff in either international locations, neighborhood formation and neighborhood organisations, their mutual reduction efforts, the activities of individuals among Mexico and Mexican-American groups, the jobs of girls, and the formation of political teams. ultimately, Border Crossings addresses the specific stipulations of Mexicans within the usa, together with the production of a Mexican-American heart classification, the effect of yank racism on Mexican groups, and the character and evolution of border cities and the borderlands.

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They practiced self-help and advocated self-management by the workers, often achieving the latter goal in the Page 10 artisans' workshops. Some of them favored limiting the role of the state in their domestic affairs, while others supported socialist programs. As Camarena Ocampo and Fernández Apango demonstrate in this volume, technology made the emergence of modern Mexico City possible and deeply affected the workers on the urban periphery. As urbanism developed, the workers of San Angel and similar towns attempted to integrate field, factory, workshop, and family.

During the 1870s a violent strike by textile factory workers in Querétaro and several others in the central valley of Mexico brought direct and fatal interventions by the police and army. After the strikers enjoyed some initial successes, the successive governments of Emperor Maximilian (18641867) and Presidents Benito Juárez (18671872), Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada (18721876), and especially Generals Manuel González (18801884) and Porfirio Díaz (18771880, 18841911) increasingly repressed legitimate union activity.

One, the Centro Mútuo-Cooperativo, enjoyed the support of the short-lived Madero government in 1911 and 1912, but it died out in competition with the other, the Casa del Obrero. At the height of its power in 1915 the Casa, a workers' central that tried to maintain independence from the government, established medical clinics with the aim of creating hospitals based upon mutual aid, schools, and trade centers. It had some success and counted 150,000 members from the larger cities throughout the nation and in the smaller towns and factory settlements across central Mexico.

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