By Ase Gornitzka, Liv Langfeldt
Techniques of information creation and dissemination are more and more set in a world context. In study and better schooling the hyperlinks among neighborhood actors and the foreign environments are either proliferating and intensifying. person point self-organised overseas collaboration is more and more supplemented by means of nationwide and supranational organised actions, and via industry orientated task with an international scope. ranging from those observations, this ebook analyses styles of internationalisation comprising the nationwide and supranational point, the extent of upper schooling associations and personal businesses, in addition to the extent of person researchers and graduates. As a laboratory for learning internationalisation the booklet makes use of the case of Norway, a small wisdom method set in an open society, political method and economic system. The case deals enormously reliable information at the advancements in its examine and better schooling process that checklist alterations through the years and around the varied components and degrees of a countrywide wisdom method
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Extra info for Borderless Knowledge: Understanding the ''new'' internationalisation of research and higher education in Norway
Salerno, and S. Slipersæter, 2005, Changing Patterns of Higher Education Funding: evidence from CHINC countries. Sevilla: IPTS. , O. Persson, and G. Sivertsen 1992, Understanding patterns of international scientific collaboration. Science, Technology and Human Values, 17(1):101–126. W. Tijssen, O. Persson, and G. Sivertsen 1993, The measurement of international scientific collaboration. Scientometrics, 28(1):15–36. , and O. Persson 1996, Studying research collaboration using co-authorships. Scientometrics, 36(3):363–377.
We then distributed the country counts to their respective regions and calculated each region’s share for each year. Thus, the paper described above would count as two EU-Norway co-authorships. S. W. Aksnes 50% 45% 40% EU (excl. Nordic countries) 35% 30% Nordic countries 25% North-America 20% Other countries 15% 10% 5% 03 01 20 20 99 97 19 19 95 93 19 89 91 19 19 87 19 85 19 83 19 19 81 0% 19 Share of interantionally co-authored articles 24 Fig. 1 Co-authorship by region 1981–2003. Percentage of internationally co-authored Norwegian articles by region The profile has changed during the period.
Worldwide, only 17 per cent of all publications are now internationally co-authored (National Science Board 2002). Nevertheless, several countries have been shown to have a higher proportion of internationally coauthored papers than Norway. In a study by Gl¨anzel (2001), based on 1995/96 data, Norway ranks twentieth of a total of fifty nations. Although most of the countries with a higher proportion international co-authorship are rather small scientific nations, there are a few other West-European countries ahead of Norway, among these Portugal, Switzerland, Belgium, and Denmark.