Comparative Politics

Download Bring Down the Walls: Lebanon’s Postwar Challenge by Carole H. Dagher PDF

By Carole H. Dagher

Lebanon is greater than a rustic, it's a message': those phrases of Pope John Paul II illustrate Lebanon's post-war pastime to maintain its age-old Christian-Muslim coexistence and power-sharing formulation and to invalidate Samuel Huntington's assumption of a 'Clash of Civilizations.' Lebanon's present problem can be the problem of a complete area, the center East, the place the destiny of minorities, together with jap Christians, unearths the clients of democracy, pluralism and political participation. Carole H. Dagher, a journalist for Lebanese media in addition to a tutorial, provides an insightful account on how Christian and Muslim groups emerged from the 16 year-old Lebanese struggle, what their issues of friction and their universal grounds are, and what the clients of Lebanon's communal illustration process and pluralistic society are. She describes the imperative position performed via the Holy See and John Paul II in bridging the space among Christians and Muslims in Lebanon, and analyzes the influence different nations equivalent to Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia have had at the energy online game and, conversely, the effect of Christian-Muslim interplay at the way forward for the Arab-Israeli peace procedure. deliver Down the partitions attracts an important classes from the new heritage of Christian-Muslim relatives in Lebanon.

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This was all the more important, he argued, because the Muslim community had not yet definitely committed itself to the existence of Lebanon. Thus, any challenge to Maronite dominance would be a challenge to the Lebanese entity itself. 35 But the once-dominant and self-confident Maronites were emerging from war as an embattled community, illusions shattered by the internal fighting that culminated during the final throes of the war, in 1990,36 wrapping up a long, bloody strife against Palestinian and Muslim militias as well as Syrian troops.

The studies echo the anxiety of the eradication of Arab Christianity, under the combined effects of an increasingly unfavorable demographic situation and the emergence of Islamist self-assertion. It is in that context that Lebanese Christians are trying to redefine the notion of being Arab and Christian. ”12 In this soul-searching and identity quest, what is mainly at stake is the issue of pluralism and diversity. By their history and culture, Lebanese Christians have a tendency to resent any attempt at cultural homogenization.

The unsolved Palestinian problem illustrates “the persecution, exploitation, oppression, arrogance of the West towards the Arab and Islamic societies,” to use the common Islamic lexicon. 12 For here was exactly the point of confrontation with, not only Israel, but also America. From that very strategic vicinity to Israel, the Iranians would directly face the West and its aims and politics in the region. The Lebanese Shi‘a community would thus become one major catalyst of the “internationalization” of the Islamic condition.

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