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Download Capital Cities of Arab Islam by Philip K. Hitti PDF

By Philip K. Hitti

Professor Hitti, the prestigious authority at the Islamic global, perspectives the highlights of Arab historical past in the course of the home windows of the capital towns the place these occasions happened. The account makes a speciality of six towns -- Mecca, the spiritual capital; Medina, the caliphal capital; Damascus, the imperial capital; Baghdad, the highbrow capital; Cairo, the dissident capital; and Cordova, the ecu capital. The process is ancient instead of geographical, and the e-book is addressed to the coed and the classy layman instead of the professional. travelers to the center East and Spain will also locate the booklet in particular attention-grabbing. the writer describes the actual settings of the towns, the first occupations of the folks, and the numerous huge buildings. He discusses such glossy heritage of a urban as is appropriate to the tale, however the emphasis is at the interval of Arab ascendancy -- approximately, the 7th to the 13th century. as well as Arabic assets, he charges Europeans' descriptions the place acceptable (such descriptions are infrequent simply because Europeans weren't allowed in such towns as Mecca and Medina). As he makes transparent, the six towns have been greater than capitals; they left their indelible imprint not just at the next heritage of the Arabs and different Moslems yet at the improvement of civilization at huge.

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Ibn-Jubayr goes on to discuss the variety of fruits, vegetables, meats, and other foods found at the pilgrim season in Mecca, all of which are the choicest of their kind. He closes the chapter with the following: There is something marvelous about the blessed water of Zamzam. If drunk from the pit it tastes warm like milk from a camel's udder. In this is evidence of the special care of Allah, extolled is He, whose blessings are too well known to be described. . A common experience relates to this blessed water.

The dome to the right marks the site of Zamzam Courtesy Ministry of Information, Riyad told, expended three million dinars, part of which was used for supplying the city with water from a spring twelve miles away. The source is still known by her name. The Palestinian geographer al-Maqdisi, who visited Mecca in the mid-tenth century, saw both shutters of the Kaabah's door plated with silver coated with gold. The last caliph to make the sanctuary an object of his interest was the Ottoman sultan Salim II (d.

In 628-629 Heraclius brought to a successful conclusion his campaigns for the restoration of the lost territory, recovered the Holy Cross plundered by the Persians, and amidst great jubilation reinstated it in Jerusalem. One factor played into the hands of the Arabians. Both the eastern borders of Syria and the western borders of Persia were held by Arabian tribes domiciled there for centuries and by now Christianized. They nevertheless felt closer in blood and language to the newcomers. Even in religion they did not feel far removed from Arabian Moslems.

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