By Charles Kurzman
In the last decade earlier than global warfare I, a wave of democratic revolutions swept the globe, eating greater than 1 / 4 of the world’s inhabitants. Revolution remodeled Russia, Iran, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Mexico, and China. In each one case, a pro-democracy flow unseated a long-standing autocracy with startling velocity. The nascent democratic regime held elections, convened parliament, and allowed freedom of the clicking and freedom of organization. however the new governments failed frequently to uphold the rights and freedoms that they proclaimed. Coups d’état quickly undermined the democratic experiments.
How can we account for those unforeseen democracies, and for his or her quick extinction? In Democracy Denied, Charles Kurzman proposes that the collective agent such a lot at once liable for democratization used to be the rising classification of recent intellectuals, a gaggle that had won an international identification and a near-messianic experience of undertaking following the Dreyfus Affair of 1898.
Each bankruptcy of Democracy Denied specializes in a unmarried attitude of this tale, protecting all six circumstances through reading newspaper bills, memoirs, and executive reviews. This completely interdisciplinary remedy of the early-twentieth-century upheavals can provide to reshape debates concerning the social origins of democracy, the explanations of democratic cave in, the political roles of intellectuals, and the foreign move of ideas.