Social Psychology Interactions

Download Changing Health Behaviour: Intervention and Research with by Derek Rutter, Lyn Quine PDF

By Derek Rutter, Lyn Quine

*Can theory-driven interventions utilizing social cognition versions switch wellbeing and fitness behaviour?* How should still theoretical versions be tailored for intervention?* What are the consequences for coverage and practice?For decades, social cognition types were on the vanguard of analysis into predicting and explaining well-being behaviours. until eventually lately, there were few makes an attempt to move past prediction and knowing to intervention - yet now the placement has replaced, and a few first-class interventions were arrange. the aim of this e-book is to convey them jointly in a single volume.After an introductory bankruptcy at the types and interventions to be incorporated, there are 9 chapters that every handle a selected behaviour or set of behaviours, written by way of the authors of the interventions themselves. Chapters 2 to four research risk-related behaviours (safer-sex; smoking; publicity to radon gas); Chapters five to 7 flip to health-enhancing behaviours and screening (reducing fats consumption; uptake of nutrition C; breast self-examination; participation in cervical and colorectal melanoma screening); and Chapters eight to ten discover street defense (speeding by way of drivers; pedestrian behaviour; and cycle helmet use). The chapters persist with a typical constitution: a presentation of the 'epidemiological evidence' in regards to the behaviour and why an intervention was once wanted; an summary of ways during which the theoretical version getting used used to be tailored for the intervention; a presentation of the experimental effects; and a dialogue in their theoretical and sensible implications. The e-book ends with a bankruptcy of remark at the demanding situations of devising theory-based interventions.Following on from the hugely profitable Predicting wellbeing and fitness Behaviour edited via Mark Conner and Paul Norman, this publication should be known as a ground-breaking textual content within the psychology of well-being, for college kids, researchers and practitioners alike.

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Additional resources for Changing Health Behaviour: Intervention and Research with Social Cognition Models

Sample text

The statistic indicates some meaningful relation­ ship between mortality and whatever the test measures. But what? I can imagine three different reasons why a test score might predict mortality. There might be a direct relationship. We know, today, that intelligence test scores are partly determined by the state of the brain. This statement will be documented in detail in Chapters 6 and 7. It could be that the test scores (imperfectly) revealed the state of the brain at age eleven, and this state carried forward over the years, producing an associ­ ation between test scores and later mortal­ ity.

IQ tests, and tests related to IQ tests, such as the SAT and AFQT, are artifacts of the cultures in which they arose. They test some aspects of intelligence but not others. How­ ever, the tests are not arbitrary. IQ tests would not have survived, as arti­ facts, unless test scores could be used as [imperfect) predictors of what our society sees as socially important behaviors, such as academic and social achievement. Because the test scores do meet this criterion, the tests must either evaluate mental skills that are used by the society or they must evalu­ ate mental skills that are not used, in them­ selves, but whose possession is highly corre­ lated with the possession of skills that can be used.

It is difficult, if not impossible, to tap these skills in a test that seldom takes more than three hours and that consists of unrelated problems that, individually, take only a few minutes to solve. Overreliance on conventional testing has greatly limited modern research on intelligence. 6. 3 highlight how hard it is to deter­ mine cause and effect when studying intelli­ gence. If everything were simple we would place causal variables on the left, intelli­ gence in the center, and the effects of hav­ ing intelligence on the right.

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