By Ellen Meiksins Wood
During this groundbreaking paintings, Ellen Meiksins wooden rewrites the historical past of political concept. She lines the improvement of the Western culture from classical antiquity via to the center a while within the point of view of social history—a major departure not just from the normal summary historical past of principles but in addition from different contextual methods.
Treating canonical thinkers as passionately engaged humans, wooden examines their rules now not easily within the context of political languages yet as artistic responses to the social relatives and conflicts in their time and position. She identifies a particular relation among estate and kingdom in Western background and indicates how the canon, whereas mostly the paintings of individuals or consumers of dominant periods, used to be formed via complicated interactions between vendors, labourers and states. Western political idea, wooden argues, owes a lot of its vigor, and likewise many ambiguities, to those complicated and sometimes contradictory relations.
From the traditional Greek polis of Plato, Aristotle, Aeschylus and Sophocles, during the Roman Republic of Cicero and the Empire of St. Paul and St. Augustine, to the medieval global of Averroes, Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, Citizens to Lords bargains a wealthy, dynamic exploration of thinkers and ideas that experience indelibly stamped our glossy world.
“Few historians of comparative political idea are within the comparable league as Ellen wooden, who surveys the full sweep of historical and medieval thinkers with equivalent magisterial brilliance of insight.” —Professor Paul Cartledge, collage of Cambridge
“A hard research, which effectively integrates conception with ancient alterations. The readability of the writing makes her account conveniently obtainable to any reader able to have interaction a clean method of the heritage of political theory.” —Sheldon Wolin
“Meiksins wooden is an extraordinary breed—an educational with the soul of a storyteller. hugely recommended.” —Morning Star
“Immensely striking, daring and erudite ... Meiksins Wood’s conclusions are undeniably nuanced, tough and critical ... This e-book needs to be obligatory interpreting for us all.” —Times larger schooling Supplement
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Additional resources for Citizens to Lords: A Social History of Western Political Thought from Antiquity to the Late Middle Ages
S. Mill represented by Utilitarianism (1863) and F. Y. Edgeworth’s Mathematical Psychics (London, 1888). The discussion of utilitarianism has taken a different turn in recent years by focusing on what we may call the coordination problem and related questions of publicity. This development stems from the essays of R. F. Harrod, “Utilitarianism Revised,” Mind, vol. 45 (1936); J. D. Mabbott, “Punishment,” Mind, vol. 48 (1939); Jonathan Harrison, “Utilitarianism, Universalisation, and Our Duty to Be Just,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, vol.
For example, if a man knew that he was wealthy, he might ﬁnd it rational to advance the principle that various taxes for welfare measures be counted unjust; if he knew that he was poor, he would most likely propose the contrary principle. To represent the desired restrictions one imagines a situation in which everyone is deprived of this sort of information. One excludes the knowledge of those contingencies which sets men at odds and allows them to be guided by their prejudices. In this manner the veil of ignorance is arrived at in a natural way.
CLASSICAL UTILITARIANISM 5. Classical Utilitarianism There are many forms of utilitarianism, and the development of the theory has continued in recent years. I shall not survey these forms here, nor 8. ” La Valeur de la science (Paris, Flammarion, 1909), p. 27. 19 Justice as Fairness take account of the numerous reﬁnements found in contemporary discussions. My aim is to work out a theory of justice that represents an alternative to utilitarian thought generally and so to all of these different versions of it.