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By Kathleen Collins

Exploring the numerous roots of clans, and their political position and transformation through the Soviet and post-Soviet classes, this quantity argues that clans are casual political actors serious to realizing neighborhood politics. It demonstrates that the Soviet process was once a ways much less profitable in remodeling and controlling critical Asian society via removing extended family identities, than has frequently been assumed. Clans truly inspired and limited the regime's political trajectory more and more, throughout the later Soviet and post-Soviet sessions, and made liberalizing political and monetary reforms very tough.

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1267. Caroline Humphrey and David Sneath, The End of Nomadism? Adrienne Edgar, “Genealogy, Class, and ‘Tribal Policy’ in Soviet Turkmenistan, 1924–1934,” Slavic Review, vol. 60 (Summer 2001), pp. 266–288. P1: KAE 0521839505c01 CUNY020B/Collins Introduction 0 521 83950 5 December 8, 2005 13:21 19 Kazakhs, and Kyrgyz (as those terms refer to territories and peoples today) were nomadic peoples of the steppe or mountains, and they remained largely nomadic, organized in clan and tribal structures, until the 1920s.

2 (January 2003), pp. 127–146. See Colin Legum, “The Dangers of Independence,” Transition, vol. 6, no. 7 (October 1962), pp. 11–12; David Apter, Ghana in Transition (New York: Atheneum Publishers, 1963); Aristide Zolberg, “The Structure of Political Conflict in the New States of Tropical Africa,” American Political Science Review, vol. 62 (March 1968), pp. 70–87; Abner Cohen, Custom and Politics in Urban Africa (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969). See Thomas Hodgekin, Nationalism in Colonial Africa (London: Frederick Muller, 1956); James Coleman, Nigeria: Background to Nationalism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958); Aristide Zolberg, Creating Political Order (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966); and James Coleman, Nationalism and Development in Africa: Selected Essays, edited by Richard Sklar (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994).

While some proclaimed the informal politics of tribalism a primordial curse, others naively dismissed it as a thing of the colonial or pre-colonial past. The former strand, in overemphasizing the static, unchanging culture and social structure of these regions, assumed the incompatibility of “traditional society” with modernity or democracy. ” Colin Legum, “Tribal Survival in the Modern African Political System,” Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 5, no. 1–2 (January–April 1970), p. 102.

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