By W. Stegmüller
These volumes comprise all of my articles released among 1956 and 1975 that may be of curiosity to readers within the English-speaking international. the 1st 3 essays in Vol. 1 take care of ancient subject matters. In each one case i've got tried a rational reconstruction which, so far as attainable, meets con transitority criteria of exactness. within the challenge of Universals Then and Now a few principles of W.V. Quine and N. Goodman are used to create a modem caricature of the background of the controversy on universals starting with Plato and finishing with Hao Wang's process :E. the second one article issues Kant's Philosophy of technological know-how. via reading his place vis-a-vis I. Newton, Christian Wolff, and D. Hume, it's proven that for Kant the very proposal of empirical wisdom was once beset with a funda psychological logical trouble. In his metaphysics of expertise Kant provided an answer differing from all earlier in addition to next makes an attempt aimed toward the matter of building a systematic conception. The final of the 3 ancient papers makes use of a few options of modem good judgment to provide an exact account of Wittgenstein's so-called photograph conception of that means. E. Stenius' interpretation of this thought is taken as an intuitive start line whereas an intensional version of Tarski's suggestion of a relational process furnishes a technical software. The strategies of version global and of logical house, including these of homomorphism and isomorphism be tween version worlds and among logical areas, shape the conceptual foundation of the reconstruction.
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Additional info for Collected Papers on Epistemology, Philosophy of Science and History of Philosophy: Volume II
The answers to questions (5) and (7) must be left to the natural scientist; for they involve empirical problems which cannot - after the model of Diogenes in the barrel - be decided by mere reflection. It is for this reason that there is no philosophical problem of determinism, if what is understood by it is the question of whether the world is governed by deterministic laws. But if, for a moment, we take as our basis what the scientist has to say with regard to these problems, we only get negative answers: the fifth question and, eo ipso, also the sixth question would be answered negatively.
In any event, it is presupposed here that a clear distinction between these two kinds of laws is always possible. Doubt about such a claim has justifiably been raised. 8 Should, for example, a disposition predicate occur in a law statement, it seems this statement may be formulated as a succession law as well as a concurrence law. The sentence 'sugar is soluble in water' seems to express a concurrence law. For what it says is that the properties of sugar always appear together with the property of solubility in water.
And it is exactly here that the problem for the cosmolOgical hypothesis advanced as the second alternative lies: the idea of a compact body with a diameter of only a few /ight-days possessing a much bigger mass than our Milky Way with its ca. 150 billion suns, that is to say, 4,000 to 10,000 billion solar masses, is something which shatters all 'physical perceptions', which 'boggles the mind' so to say. ) (2) The additional background knowledge adduced produces in each case a split into two alternative-hypotheses (There: the two mutually competing hypotheses of interpretation of the poem; Here: the local Gravitation hypothesis as opposed to the Cosmological hypothesis).