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By R.G. Grant

It is a visible advisor to the strategies, campaigns, and genius of the best army commanders in historical past. From Alexander the Great's conquest of the identified international correct as much as the generals top modern-day campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, "Commanders" casts new gentle at the leaders who've solid historical past at the battlefield. filled with exact illustrations and images, conflict maps and artefacts, discover the lives and conquests of over 240 commanders, with in-depth profiles on 21 key figures, reminiscent of Julius Caesar, Napoleon and Nelson. become aware of extra approximately their enemies, from Pompey and Boudicca to Marshal Ney and Kutuzov, revealing their defining moments and key battles. "Clash of the Commanders" good points express how one commander triumphed and one other failed, with timelines plotting the main strikes on each side. fees from the commanders themselves, beneficial properties on their own results, guns, autos and photos, all carry the lives and careers of those commanders to lifestyles.

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61 CE Queen of the Iceni, a tribe in eastern England, Boudicca was mistreated by the Roman authorities after the death of her husband, Prasutagus. She raised a revolt in which the Iceni were joined by their neighbours, the Trinovantes. The rebels crushed a detachment of the Ninth Legion and burned the Roman cities of Colchester, St Albans, and London, massacring their populations. The Roman governor of Britain, Suetonius Paulinus, hastened back from campaigning in Wales to confront Boudicca. His efficient legion infantry destroyed the tribal army.

He inherited a crumbling empire that was suffering incursions from Arabs and central Asian nomads, and had lost much of Mesopotamia to the Romans. On coming of age, he first led an army on a punitive expedition into Arabia and then struck eastward into Transoxiana and Afghanistan. With threats from these directions quelled, in 337 he ended a 40-year peace with Rome, occupied Armenia, and marched against Rome’s Mesopotamian strongholds. For 13 years war dragged on inconclusively, ended by a peace in 350 that confirmed the status quo.

The rest of Stilicho’s life was a desperate struggle to halt the breakdown of the empire. Stilicho’s bitterest enemy was the Visigoth warlord, Alaric. The Visigoths, a Germanic tribe, had fought with Stilicho as allies of Theodosius at Frigidus, but after the battle Alaric turned to plundering the empire rather than serving it. Stilicho led an army into Thrace to confront the Visigoths and defeated them in Macedonia in 397. Four years later, 44 TRIBAL WARRIORS THE INHABITANTS OF NORTH-WESTERN Europe encountered the Romans as ruthless conquerors, expanding through Gaul to Britain by 43 CE.

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