By Douglas W. Richmond
Synthesizing an intensive and heterogeneous diversity of resources, Douglas W. Richmond covers 3 tumultuous political upheavals of this era. First, Mexico’s fledgling republic tried to impose a liberal ideology at odds with conventional Maya tradition on Yucatán; then, the French-backed regime of Emperor Maximilian started to reform Yucatán; and, eventually, the republican forces of Benito Juárez restored the liberal hegemony. Many matters spurred resistance to those liberal governments. Instillation of unfastened exchange regulations, the suppression of civil rights, and persecution of the Roman Catholic Church mobilized white competition to liberal governors. The Mayas fought the seizure in their communal houses. A long-standing hope for local autonomy united almost all Yucatecans. Richmond advances the thought-provoking argument that Yucatán either fared higher lower than Maximilian’s moment Empire than below the liberal republic and could have thrived extra had the second one Empire now not collapsed.
the main violent and bloody manifestation of those vast conflicts used to be the Caste conflict (Guerra de Castas), the longest sustained peasant insurrection in Latin American heritage. the place different students have endorsed the simplistic place that the warfare was once a Maya rebellion designed to reestablish a legendary prior civilization, Richmond’s refined recounting of political advancements from 1855 to 1876 restores nuance and complexity to this pivotal time in Yucatecan history.
Richmond’s Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán is a great addition to scholarship approximately Mexico and Yucatán in addition to approximately kingdom consolidation, empire, and regionalism.
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Extra resources for Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán: Liberals, the Second Empire, and Maya Revolutionaries, 1855-1876
32 At one point, Yucatán almost became absorbed by foreign powers when the military situation became critical. Governor Méndez’s son-in-law, S ierra O’Reilly, pleaded for US assistance to put down the Maya revolt. Meanwhile, Méndez requested two thousand Mexican troops, but Santa Anna was still fighting the United States and not doing well. 33 As the whites appeared to collapse in 1848, Méndez dramatically offered to trade Yucatecan sovereignty in return for foreign assistance in crushing the Maya revolt.
3. Henequen plant (Agave fourcroydes).
Barrera had raised taxes to such a high level that Campeche ranchers and plantation owners began to abandon their sugar fields. Campeche also had a hard time exporting its rice, cotton, and sugar because of high duty charges in the United States, Cuba, and Britain. To make matters worse, the value of imported manufactured goods that Campeche needed increased rapidly while Mérida did not seem to care. 66 Mérida did not like parting ways with Campeche. But faced with conflict on all its borders, new governor Peraza, who had fought the Maya insurrection for several years, felt there was no choice and allowed the aggressive García to become the new ruler of Campeche.