By Jan-Werner Mülller
This e-book is the 1st significant account of political idea in twentieth-century Europe, either West and East, to seem because the finish of the chilly battle. Skillfully mixing highbrow, political, and cultural background, Jan-Werner Müller elucidates the guidelines that formed the interval of ideological extremes sooner than 1945 and the liberalization of West ecu politics after the second one global battle. He additionally deals brilliant pictures of well-known in addition to unjustly forgotten political thinkers and the pursuits and associations they inspired.
Müller can pay specific cognizance to rules complex to justify fascism and the way they relate to the designated form of liberal democracy that used to be created in postwar Western Europe. He additionally explains the influence of the Sixties and neoliberalism, finishing with a serious evaluation of today's self-consciously post-ideological age.
" [An] remarkable survey of 20th-century eu political thought.”—Tony Barber, monetary Times
(Tony Barber monetary instances 2011-08-20)
'This is a pathbreaking examine within the highbrow historical past of Europe in our time. Analysing principles that had political impression, Jan-Werner Mülller illuminates a unending debate approximately precise and fake democracy.' - Timothy Garton Ash
(Timothy Garton Ash)
'The so much leading edge components of this admirably thorough and complete e-book take care of the now not so liberal roots of the liberal political associations and practices that got here to fruition in post-war Europe. What moves me is the balanced remedy of advancements in Western and japanese Europe.' - Jürgen Habermas
'Ideology is where the place thought and perform, philosophy and heritage, meet. comprehend this "in-between" and also you are good in your strategy to figuring out the inner most dynamics that form smooth political life. during this illuminating research Jan-Werner Müller is helping us see the adventure of twentieth-century Europe, East and West, in a clean gentle through exhibiting how its attribute ideologies constructed, functioned, and tailored to the realm they created. through concentrating on "political notion that concerns politically" Müller takes us past the straightforward tales we now have inherited approximately revolution and response, post-war reconstruction, the chilly conflict, the Sixties, and lots more and plenty else. through the top he places us in a stronger place to appreciate the forces at paintings in modern eu politics and the unusual appeal of the "anti-political" ideology that governs our time.' - Mark Lilla, writer of The Reckless brain: Intellectuals in Politics
'The nice fulfillment of Jan Werner Müller's Contesting Democracy is to steer us correctly around the monstrous unruly manifestos of ecu political rules, from the appalling doctrines that helped generate the totalitarian regimes and international wars to the uneasy decency of our personal period, with out sacrificing the reader's experience of urgency and signifiance.' - Charles S. Maier
'Jan-Werner Müller’s Contesting Democracy is the main philosophically refined and topically entire research of political principles in 20th- century Europe but on hand. It indicates a masterful command of fundamental texts, archival assets, and myriad secondary literatures. Müller assembles for political theorists, highbrow historians and social scientists formerly disparate items of intellectual-political existence from the final, such a lot incomprehensible century on that forever at a loss for words and infinitely difficult continent. through so expertly conveying the complete importance of communism, fascism, liberalism, social democracy and Christian democracy, Müller makes the eu 20th century even more fathomable from a old, ethical and political perspective than any prior paintings, in any language.' - John P. McCormick, writer of Machiavellian Democracy
(John P. McCormick)
“…… [A] effective examine of the effect of mass democracy on eu political cultures.”—David Marquand, the hot Statesman
(David Marquand the recent Statesman 2011-08-22)
“…..[An] first-class book…..Müller offers an insightful and finished review of the improvement of political rules in 20th-century Europe that takes in Fascism, Communism, social democracy, liberalism, and masses else.—Jeremy Jennings, viewpoint Magazine
(Jeremy Jennings perspective journal 2011-09-13)
“Muller’s profound and stimulating e-book has a lot to supply, either to experts and for others.”—Roger Morgan, instances larger Education
(Roger Morgan instances larger schooling 2011-10-06)
“There is not any bankruptcy of the 20th century’s eu political suggestion that isn't luminously analysed during this fantastically written, lucidly argued and immensely attractive book.”—Vladimir Tismaneanu, overseas Affairs
(Vladimir Tismaneanu foreign Affairs 2012-01-01)
"Jan-Werner Muller has written a good ebook which for the 1st time provides us a competent synthesis of twentieth-century ecu political thought." eu assessment of History
(European overview of heritage 2012-08-27)
"The originality of Contesting Democracy stems in solid half from the range of its topic, its good thought-out constitution, and, final yet now not least, its vigorous anecdotes and noteworthy charges. Müller writes elegantly and has a great eye for very important principles and ignored authors." A. Craiutu, Springer.
(A. Craiutu Springer 2012-07-31)
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Extra resources for Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth-Century Europe
And only one monarchy was established in the period between the wars: Albania, which featured King Zog, a self-made president-turned-monarch with no credible lineage at all. This somewhat bizarre ﬁgure would only eat meals which had been prepared by his mother and would not venture out on to the streets of Tirana without her. Thus, for the ﬁrst time in European history, republics became the rule rather than the exception. Consequently, as the British political thinkers G. D. H. 40 Many of the constitution drafters perceived one of their main challenges to be how to stabilize states without the ‘transcendent element’ of monarchy.
The notion that history – and modern life in particular – was a matter of unintended consequences or even tragedy was widespread among German social theorists during the early twentieth century. Georg Simmel, who was heavily promoted by Weber to become a fellow professor in Heidelberg, T H E M O LT E N M A S S 31 lamented what he called the ‘tragedy of culture’. According to Simmel, human beings created objective cultural ‘forms’ and structures which accumulated and weighed ever more heavily on succeeding generations.
This sense was acutely shared by many contemporaries of Weber and Simmel. Robert Musil, in his Man without Qualities, observed: ‘The thing has us in its hand. ’77 In less interesting prose: one did not live; one was being lived. Still, both Simmel’s assessment of the tragedy of culture and Weber’s view of rationalization were highly ambiguous. All modern institutions had two sides: bureaucracy could be highly oppressive – but, as the most rational form of authority, it was also a genuine achievement.