By Ben Yudkin
Textbooks are designed to educate, clarify and make complicated details simply understood and assimilated. examine papers do the reader no such favours. with the ability to comprehend and use basic examine is an important software in any clinical occupation. This ebook teaches those priceless abilities easily and obviously, saving hours in the end. severe examining explains how you can: approach each paper methodically spot paintings aimed to aid a puppy concept gain self belief in wondering what you learn be alert to bias use abstracts intelligently identify suspect experimental tools assess quantitative technique interpret effects with self assurance draw inferences from released paintings. utilizing extracts from released Papers in concentration, this publication imparts important knowledge to scholars and researchers from any biomedical or organic self-discipline. The textual content is well learn and understood and using key issues, summaries and reference reinforces reliable strategy.
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Extra info for Critical Reading: Making Sense of Papers in Life Sciences and Medicine (Routledge Study Guides)
R. N. (1998) ‘Effect on the quality of peer review of blinding reviewers and asking them to sign their reports: a randomized controlled trial’, J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 280: 237–40. htm> last accessed 5 December 2005. html> last accessed 5 December 2005. The MIT hypertextbook as a whole is a large resource of somewhat variable quality, but the description of complementation is better than many I have seen. com> last accessed 5 December 2005. 3 Scientists as authors MacHine’s hand shook slightly as he stirred his coffee.
1970) ‘High-energy forms of cytochrome b’, Nature 226: 1248–9. 4 The Abstract and Introduction As the manuscript slid out of its brown envelope, Professor Stickler sighed. It was that MacHine fellow again. To be sure, his ideas were interesting enough; it was just that he had no idea how to do an experiment or how to write it up. It was not Professor Stickler’s day. Her morning had been wasted on a completely fruitless departmental meeting; she had precisely one day left to write a talk for the Bermuda conference; and now this.
Yet the consequent invisibility of my results could have profound repercussions. Another scientist – or several groups of scientists – might waste time, effort and resources studying the same question and coming to the same negative conclusion. This is an especially serious problem when human subjects, laboratory animals, or large investments are involved. Alternatively, another scientist might perform a similar experiment and ﬁnd that mitochondrial dysfunction does have a role in insulin resistance.