By Myriam Dunn Cavelty
This ebook explores the political technique in the back of the development of cyber-threats as one of many crucial safeguard threats of recent instances within the US. Myriam Dunn Cavelty posits that cyber-threats are definable by way of their unsubstantiated nature. regardless of this, they've been propelled to the leading edge of the political time table. utilizing an cutting edge theoretical strategy, this booklet examines how, less than what stipulations, by way of whom, for what purposes, and with what impression cyber-threats were moved directly to the political time table. particularly, it analyses how governments have used risk frames, particular interpretive schemata approximately what counts as a risk or probability and the way to reply to this hazard. By approaching this subject from a safety reports perspective, this ebook closes a spot among sensible and theoretical educational techniques. It additionally contributes to the extra basic debate approximately altering practices of nationwide defense and their implications for the overseas group.
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Extra resources for Cyber-Security and Threat Politics: US Efforts to Secure the Information Age (Css Studies in Security and International Relations)
Some use the term ‘grey hat’ or, less frequently, ‘brown hat’ to describe hackers whose activities alternate between ‘black’ and ‘white’ areas (McClure et al. 1999). There are various tools and modes of attack, used with different intents, such as Trojan horses, destructive programs that masquerade as benign applications but set up a back door so that the hacker can later return and enter the system; viruses and worms, computer programs that replicate functional copies of themselves with varying effects ranging from mere annoyance and inconvenience to 22 The information age and cyber-threats compromise of the confidentiality or integrity of information; logic bomb, programs designed to execute (or ‘explode’) under specific circumstances, to delete or corrupt data, or to cause other undesirable effects; and buffer overflow attacks, which involve sending overly long input streams to the attacked server, causing parts of the server’s memory to overflow in order to either crash the system or execute the attacker’s arbitrary code as if it was part of the server’s code.
We have specified the attributes of the speech act by introducing the concept of threat frames with three distinct parts. The variable ‘facilitating conditions’ can be substituted by the concept of ‘positive frame resonance’. The framing process is influenced by the beliefs and resources of the framing actors, which are, in turn, influenced by institutional restraints and perception of the broader environment. At this stage, we have established that the struggle for discursive hegemony is won by those actors who a) are in the position to shape the security discourse (professionals of security) and b) construct a threat frame that appeals to some kind of still undefined ‘audience’.
1998), which, as a side-note, basically absolves the researcher from the task of judging whether a threat is real or not. The process of bringing an issue from a politicised or even non-politicised stage into the security domain is called securitisation (Wæver 1995). The notion of securitisation is based on speech act theory as developed by Austin (1962) and Searle (1969), which says that the use of language not only can but even normally does have the character of performative acts, in the sense that expression is a social act involving a sender and a receiver who operate under arbitrary conventions or ‘constitutive rules’ that affect their behaviour.