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By Marco Mariano

During this quantity, essays via students from each side of the Atlantic open new views at the development of the "Atlantic group" in the course of international battle II and the early chilly conflict years. according to unique techniques bringing jointly diplomatic background and the background of tradition and concepts, the publication indicates how atlantism got here to supply a great ideological starting place for the safety neighborhood of North American and eu international locations which took form within the Forties. the assumption of a transatlantic neighborhood in keeping with shared histories, values, and political and fiscal associations used to be instrumental to the construction of the Atlantic Alliance, and in part money owed for the ongoing life of the Atlantic partnership after the chilly conflict. even as, this learn breaks new floor via arguing that the emergence of the assumption of "Atlantic neighborhood" additionally mirrored deeper developments in transatlantic family members; actually, it was once the result of the re-definition of "the West" as a result of the upward push of the USA and the decline of Europe within the overseas area throughout the first half the 20 th Century.

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Extra info for Defining the Atlantic Community: Culture, Intellectuals, and Policies in the Mid-Twentieth Century (Routledge Research in Atlantic Studies)

Sample text

The European balance was also beneficial in that European nations were forced to plow large sums into their militaries at the expense of economic development, giving the United States an investment advantage of the kind that Japan would enjoy in the second half of the twentieth century. In places like China, the US was able to maintain access to markets and status as a China treaty power with relatively little in the way of military investment and with little involvement in the region’s diplomacy of imperialism.

NATO, for example, was first and foremost an alliance intended to stabilize a European balance of power. Apart from its European provenance, its origins in American thought can be more easily traced, as John Milton Cooper Jr. 3 To make NATO work, the United States had to solve some other problems as well, particularly the Franco-German dispute. This was done by making the United States’ presence in Europe virtually permanent, thus protecting Western Europe from itself, and by promoting a functional integration of the continent by various means: first the ECSC and Payments Union, then the failed European Defence Community, the entry of West German troops into NATO, and finally by establishing the European Economic Community via the Treaty of Rome and after.

But the Atlantic community now faces perhaps its greatest challenge as a once-divided continent is How Europe Became Atlantic 27 being transformed into a European community with interests, ambitions, and concerns that focus not across the Atlantic, but away from it. NOTES 1. Richard J. Barnet, The Alliance: America, Europe, Japan: Makers of the Post-War World (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983), 108. 2. Walter Lippmann, “Defense of the Atlantic World,” The New Republic, 17 February 1917. 3. Ibid.

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