By Erica Richard
In 1901 so much Australians have been unswerving, white topics of the British Empire with direct connections to Britain. inside of 100 years, following an exceptional immigration software, its inhabitants was once some of the most different in the world. No different state has completed such radical social and demographic switch in so brief a time. Destination Australia tells the tale of this outstanding transformation.
Against the percentages, this modification has triggered minimum social disruption and stress. whereas immigration has generated a few political and social anxieties, Australia has maintained a strong democracy and a coherent social textile. one of many extraordinary achievements of this ebook is in explaining why this may be so.
Eric Richards recounts the reviews of many person migrants from world wide, examines the dramas and demanding situations of officers enthusiastic about this grand scan and finally ends up telling a really amazing tale. Compelling and revealing, Destination Australia is basically the Australian tale of the 20 th century.
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Extra resources for Destination Australia: Migration to Australia since 1901
At last, in 1904–05, there were signs of a reawakening, though some regarded it as almost too late. i39 39 39 26/8/08 11:48:13 AM 600 years to reach the current United States population level. 22 In a single year, 1903, the United States received more immigrants than Australia had attracted in the entire period since 1860. Moreover in the 4 years since 1900 Australia had lost 867 by net migration, but the United States received more than 2 million immigrants. 23 Comparison with the United States was an absurd vanity, but the exercise helped to concentrate minds in Australia.
So this is the story of how a very peripheral Europe outpost, in the mid 20th century, changed its spots and adjusted to a changed world. It carries its own dramas, large and small. i27 27 27 26/8/08 11:48:09 AM 2 The slow awakening: 1900–14 Migrants of the new century Dave Morris was born in 1899 in Charters Towers in Queensland. In the next year his family decided to emigrate to England. They were part of the reverse migration of the time, returning to the district whence they had originally come.
39 By 1913 the immigration boom was over, though the great advertising campaign continued: £50 000 was spent in cinemas, the press and on spectacular posters, reinforced by lecturers, and even a film unit. 40 Better labour conditions in the United Kingdom militated against emigration and so did the cost of fares, which increased from £12 to £14 in early 1913. Rider Haggard, one of the Dominions Royal Commissioners, was warning that Britain could not afford to lose its rural labour. 41 Exclusions from the sleeping nation While Australia scrambled for immigrants it simultaneously excluded anyone in the wrong categories, determined on a racial basis.