Communism Socialism

Download Dialectic of Defeat: Contours of Western Marxism by Russell Jacoby PDF

By Russell Jacoby

Watching that for either revolutionaries and capitalists, not anything succeeds like luck, Russell Jacoby asks us to reexamine a loser of Marxism: the unorthodox Marxism of Western Europe. the writer starts with a polemical assault on 'conformist' or orthodox Marxism, during which he comprises structuralist faculties. He argues cult of luck and technological know-how tired this Marxism of its serious impulse and that the successes of the Russian and chinese language revolutions inspired a mechanical and fruitless mimicry. He then turns to a Western substitute that neither succumbed to the spell of good fortune nor obliterated the person within the identify of technological know-how. within the 19th century, this Western Marxism already diverged from Russian Marxism in its interpretation of Hegel and its assessment of Engels' orthodox Marxism. the writer follows the evolution of this minority culture and its competition to authoritarian kinds of political concept and perform.

Show description

Read or Download Dialectic of Defeat: Contours of Western Marxism PDF

Best communism & socialism books

Main Currents of Marxism: Its Rise, Growth and Dissolution, Volume 3: The Breakdown

From thinker Leszek Kolakowski, one of many giants of twentieth-century highbrow background, comes this hugely infuential research of Marxism. Written in exile, this 'prophetic paintings' provides, in line with the Library of Congress, 'the so much lucid and complete background of the origins, constitution, and posthumous improvement of the procedure of suggestion that had the best impression at the 20th century'.

The Comintern: A History of International Communism from Lenin to Stalin

This available textual content presents a finished narrative and interpretative account of the complete heritage of the Communist foreign, 1919-1943. through incorporating the newest Western and Soviet examine the authors clarify the mythical complexities of Comintern background and chart its degeneration from a innovative internationalist service provider into an obedient device of Soviet international coverage.

Communism’s Collapse, Democracy’s Demise?: The Cultural Context and Consequences of the East German Revolution

Communism's cave in either brought on and was once sped up via the long-anticipated reunification of Germany. What have been the political and social undercurrents that resulted in the abrupt cave in of East Germany? What difficulties have arisen considering that reunification? in actual fact, communism has left a cultural and political void that begs to be assessed.

European Socialists and Spain: The Transition to Democracy, 1959–77

Pilar Ortuño Anaya breaks new flooring within the examine of the overseas dimensions of the Spanish transition to democracy. She argues that express contributors and companies made an important contribution to the democratization technique. Dr Ortuño Anaya establishes for the 1st time the function performed by means of eu socialist and alternate union businesses, particularly the German Social Democratic celebration and its affiliated unions, the Labour hobbies within the uk, and the French Socialists.

Additional info for Dialectic of Defeat: Contours of Western Marxism

Example text

62 The main weapon of the petty-bourgeois hordes is history, or "historicism" in Althusser's lexicon. History and historicism compromise the rigor of science. " 63 Conformist Marxism 25 Next to history, the main danger to science is Hegel; Althusser has met this danger through exorcism. 64 Althusser learned that this was never, strictly speaking, true, except when he said it in 1965. Later he discovered Hegel everywhere and recast his thesis to save it: Marx was engaged in a lifelong flight from Hegel, and he attained safety only in death.

77 The evaluation of technology by Marxists succumbed to the same pressures; a dialectical critique was sloughed off. Marxists did not doubt that technology constituted the greatest achievement of capitalism, distinguishing it from all previous societies. The suffering or misfortune resulting from technology was caused by the social context, not the apparatus itself. Such logic stuffed technology into familiar categories of means and ends; technology was at best and worst a neutral endeavor. The evil resided only in the ends to which it was used.

35 The strength and the weakness of Spaventa, and an entire Italian Hegelian tradition, resided in concentration on subjectivity. Yet the charge of subjectivism leveled against Spaventa forgets that he cut his subjectivism from the same cloth as did Marx. "Man makes himself what he is," wrote Spaventa. "His world, his knowledge, and his happiness - all which he is as a man - is his own work. "37 The categories of consciousness, subjectivity, and history moved to the fore. "Knowledge is generally inexplicable - impossible - if the spirit - subjectivity - is simply a spectator.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 41 votes