By Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (eds.)
At current and over the following couple of years, large-scale windfarms are being put in faraway the coast of Germany within the North and Baltic Sea, creating a significant contribution to electrical energy iteration from renewable strength assets. one of many German government’s goals is to make sure the environmentally sound and sustainable improvement of offshore wind power. Germany’s first offshore attempt website, alpha ventus,was for this reason followed from the development section to the 1st years of operation by way of a thorough environmental examine programme, the StUKplus undertaking, financed via the Federal Ministry for the surroundings, Nature Conservation and Nuclear safeguard and coordinated by way of the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic business enterprise. Marine and ecological elements were researched there for greater than 5 years to enhance the extent of information concerning the ecological affects of offshore windfarms.
This e-book offers a vast, richly illustrated evaluate of utilized and new examine tools and tracking concepts. It summarises the foremost examine findings at the affects on benthic groups, fish, marine mammals and birds, additionally taking into consideration underwater sound and sediment measurements. studying the implications within the experience of classes discovered, new demanding situations and views are mentioned for destiny sustainable offshore improvement in German waters.
Offshore improvement in Germany * The alpha ventus offshore try web site * The RAVE learn initiative * The StUKplus study undertaking * delicate species and habitats * learn on oceanography, geology, benthic organisms, fish, resting birds, poultry migration, marine mammals, underwater sound * Noise mitigation platforms * Cumulative effects
Research institutes, environmental consultancies engaged on offshore wind strength, choice makers in politics, representatives of wind power operators, NGOs of marine nature protection
Scientists of popular study institutes, environmental consultancies and federal specialists, edited via Anika Beiersdorf and Katrin Wollny-Goerke
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic company (BSH)
Federal Ministry for the surroundings, Nature Conservation and Nuclear safeguard (BMU)
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Additional info for Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm alpha ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives
The project coordinates data demand, and advises project managers regarding their sensor, sample and measurement needs. It also plans, installs, operates and maintains measurement equipment as a service for all RAVE partners. Data is first validated by the responsible data supervisors: BSH for environmental measurements, DEWI GmbH for AREVA Wind turbines, GL Garrad Hassan (GL) for REpower Systems turbines, the turbine manufacturers for data from their machines, and OFFIS, which is in charge of development and operation of the RAVE data warehouse.
It also plans, installs, operates and maintains measurement equipment as a service for all RAVE partners. Data is first validated by the responsible data supervisors: BSH for environmental measurements, DEWI GmbH for AREVA Wind turbines, GL Garrad Hassan (GL) for REpower Systems turbines, the turbine manufacturers for data from their machines, and OFFIS, which is in charge of development and operation of the RAVE data warehouse. Following this validation, data is then uploaded to the RAVE research archive.
Is there a risk of migratory birds colliding with the turbines at sea? Will resting birds avoid the windfarm area? What impacts will noise-intensive construction work have on marine mammals? Will they continue to use the windfarm area as habitat and how can they be protected from noise? How do they react to operating noise? Standard for Environmental Impact Assessment: Investigation of the Impacts of Offshore Wind Turbines on the Marine Environment (StUK) One of the German government’s aims is to ensure the environmentally compatible development of offshore wind energy.