By John H. Steele, Steve A. Thorpe, Karl K. Turekian
Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences 2e is a brand new 6-volume on-line reference paintings, pulling jointly the entire key details in a single resource from the major writer within the box. This moment variation is on-line, delivering the person better flexibility, accessibility, and most significantly, usability with 24 hour entry, multi-user entry, distant entry and ideal seek performance. dependent for achievement, every one article encompasses a thesaurus, an advent, a reference part and a wealth of cross-referenced hyperlinks to top class and similar fabric all obtainable in a mouse-click, making advanced, time eating learn something of the previous. *Approximately 500 articles overlaying the breadth and intensity of the sector with over 30% new and up to date content material reflecting the most recent study *Greater assurance of weather, distant sensing, and knowledge modeling, with better attention of financial and political features offers a large view of the sector *Structured for fulfillment, every one article comprises an creation, a reference part, a word list and a wealth of go references to top rate similar magazine and ebook content material
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Second Edition, Volume 1: A-C
All Rights Reserved. 126 Contents Ocean Gyre Ecosystems M P Seki, J J Polovina Ocean Margin Sediments Ocean Ranching 132 S L Goodbred Jr 138 A G V Salvanes 146 R G Williams 156 Ocean Subduction Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Ocean Zoning S M Masutani, P K Takahashi M Macleod, M Lynch, P Hoagland Offshore Sand and Gravel Mining Oil Pollution Okhotsk Sea Circulation E Garel, W Bonne, M B Collins 200 H Yamazaki, H Burchard, K Denman, T Nagai Open Ocean Convection A Soloviev, B Klinger Open Ocean Fisheries for Deep-Water Species Optical Particle Characterization P H Burkill, C P Gallienne 265 272 274 R Lukas 287 E Thomas 295 W W Hay Paleoceanography: Orbitally Tuned Timescales Paleoceanography: the Greenhouse World Particle Aggregation Dynamics Past Climate from Corals T D Herbert M Huber, E Thomas A Alldredge A G Grottoli K L Denman, J F Dower Pelagic Biogeography A Longhurst D H Cushing Pelecaniformes Peru–Chile Current System C A Paulson, W S Pegau J Karstensen, O Ulloa 319 330 338 348 356 379 385 393 K C Ruttenberg Photochemical Processes 311 370 M Rubega Phosphorus Cycle 303 364 D Siegel-Causey Penetrating Shortwave Radiation 252 261 I Laing Paleoceanography, Climate Models in Phytobenthos R A Jahnke K K Turekian Pacific Ocean Equatorial Currents Phalaropes 243 G F Lane-Serff Oysters – Shellfish Farming Pelagic Fishes 234 K K Turekian Oxygen Isotopes in the Ocean Paleoceanography 226 J Joseph Organic Carbon Cycling in Continental Margin Environments Overflows and Cascades 208 218 J D M Gordon Open Ocean Fisheries for Large Pelagic Species Origin of the Oceans 182 191 L D Talley One-Dimensional Models 167 174 J M Baker Patch Dynamics xxxvii N V Blough M Wilkinson 401 414 425 (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Many of these limitations can be eliminated or reduced by the use of appropriate instrumentation and sensing phases, and thus the sensor devices can be used advantageously in specific applications. Optoelectronic Instrumentation Optical fiber sensors involve similar instrumentation as those involved in spectrophotometers. These sensors require both optical and electrical components, including a light source; a wavelength selector; a photodetector; and a readout device. A block diagram of the basic instrumentation associated with optical sensors is presented in Figure 6.
The best evidence for these transitions, known as Dansgaard–Oeschger (D/O) events, comes from the last ice age (Figure 2). D/O events typically start with an abrupt warming by up to 12 1C within a few decades or less, followed by gradual cooling over several hundred or thousand (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1 2 ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE 18 O LGM I II III IV V Eemian _ 500 _ 450 _ 400 _ 350 _ 300 _ 250 _ 200 _ 150 Holocene _ 50 0 _100 Age (1000 yr BP) Figure 1 Record of d18O from marine sediments (arbitrary units), reflecting mainly the changes in global ice volume during the past 50 ky.