Comparative Politics

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By Paul F. Steinberg

Within the absence of global govt, powerful nationwide coverage is necessary to the luck of overseas environmental projects. but study on worldwide environmental cooperation has proceeded with out versions of coverage swap in constructing nations, the place many of the world's humans, land, and species are came upon. during this booklet Paul Steinberg offers a theoretical framework to provide an explanation for the family responses of constructing nations to international environmental matters. Drawing on large box examine, he lines the evolution of public regulations to guard organic range in Costa Rica and Bolivia over the last 4 many years, to know how those nations emerged as leaders in tropical conservation and the way overseas associations could help related results in different countries.Environmental management in constructing nations explodes the parable that constructing international locations are too preoccupied with temporary monetary progress and fabric survival to commit realization to worldwide environmental issues. as an alternative it bargains a nuanced account of advanced, decades-long efforts to create potent associations, and analyzes the relative roles of international and household actors during this procedure.

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Extra resources for Environmental Leadership in Developing Countries: Transnational Relations and Biodiversity Policy in Costa Rica and Bolivia (American and Comparative Environmental Policy)

Example text

Here I relax this assumption, with a review of public opinion data on the subject. Three major public opinion surveys have examined crossnational differences in support for environmental protection. The 1992 Health of the Planet survey, coordinated by the George H. Gallup International Institute, interviewed over 29,000 citizens in twenty-four countries to measure levels of environmental concern (Dunlap, Gallup, and Gallup 1993). Survey questions explored topics such as the perceived seriousness of environmental problems, support for environmental protection measures, willingness to pay higher prices to protect the environment, and trade-offs between environmental quality and economic growth.

This leaves the impression that leaders and publics of developing countries care about short-term economic welfare first and foremost, and that environmental conservation will only be promoted to the extent that it promotes this higher goal. Negotiators from developing countries cemented this impression by successfully inserting a clause in article 20 of the convention stating that “economic and social development and eradication of poverty are the first and overriding priorities of the developing country parties” (UNEP 1992).

This chapter demonstrates that despite their lower profile, domestic political resources have been indispensable assets in efforts at institution building, easily rivaling in importance the more widely recognized assets of international science and finance. A focus on political resources also renders the contributions of domestic environmentalists in developing countries more visible, which I have found necessary not for fairness so much as accuracy. In Chapter 6 I elaborate on the concept of policy culture, which provides an entrée for studying the cross-border movement of environmental ideas and the relationship between changing social perceptions and institutional reform.

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