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By Lawrence Wilde

Moral Marxism and its Radical Critics argues that Marx's belief of human essence is the basis for an ethic of liberation which permeates his social idea. It testifies to his major debt to Greek philosophy and tradition. Wilde examines how his humanistic ethic was once constructed by means of Marcuse and Fromm, and the way it's been rejected by means of Habermas and Gorz. He additionally explores reservations expressed from feminist and ecological standpoints. The e-book has been revised within the mild of those criticisms, and gives insights into how development might be made in the direction of a socialist moral group.

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50 Aristotle 40 Ethical Marxism and its Radical Critics thought that equals ought to be treated equally, but appeared willing to accept whatever social divisions existed in any particular society. Marx was committed to equality for all human beings, and this is a vital part of the ethical underpinning of his work. The philosophy of Epicurus held a powerful attraction for the young Marx, who was particularly impressed by his commitment to a life without illusions; he described Epicurus as the 'atheistic philosopher par excellence'.

Its projected overcoming, in a society of free associated producers, is an ethical commitment to the creation of the good life. The commitment to communist society is an appeal to how we ought to live. The next chapter will attempt to shed further light on the nature and origins of Marx's ethic, and what implications it holds for his conception of communist society. 3 Ethics, Justice, Freedom To call cosmopolitan exploitation universal brotherhood is an idea that could only be engendered in the brain of the bourgeoisie (Marx).

Marx's own determination to shun ethical discourse has obscured this dimension of his thought, but this should not rule out its re-examination, especially in view of the fact that the revolutionary class consciousness which he confidently anticipated has largely failed to materialise. The ethic revolves around his conception of human essence as creative social activity, its alienation in capitalist society, and the commitment to its full realisation as human freedom in communist society. In the first section of this chapter I will argue that the ethic implicit in Marx's work reflects his abiding veneration of Greek culture and philosophy, especially in relation to his views on essence, teleology and community.

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