By Christian Obermayr
This publication analyses the housing and governance guidelines of the town of Surakarta, in Indonesia. It addresses the query of even if Surakarta’s process for dealing with the city’s casual zone and marginal settlements exhibits proof of sustainability and strong governance. The publication illustrates present traits in city improvement and discussions on powerful concepts for bettering residing stipulations in slums on either a world and nationwide scale. utilizing 4 major courses as examples, it provides an in depth evaluation of Surakarta’s housing guidelines in regards to the negative. It seriously evaluates the city’s relocation measures and indicates that Surakarta’s urban govt has positioned into position a good coverage, attaining the negative by way of inclusive ways. stimulated by way of international discussions and most sensible practices, the courses tested are characterised by way of parts of fine governance and Solo’s recommendations have already been disseminated to different Indonesian towns. even though, the publication argues that deficits stay relating to participation and transparency.
The paintings relies on Christian Obermayr's remarkable Master’s thesis, defended in 2013 on the collage of Innsbruck, Austria.
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Extra resources for Sustainable City Management: Informal Settlements in Surakarta, Indonesia
Characteristics of the informal sector are (Amis 2004: 146–149): • • • • • • • ease of entry reliance on indigenous resources family ownership of enterprise small scale of operations labour intensive methods of production and adapted technology skills acquired outside the formal school system unregulated and competitive market. As the informal economy is characterized by low entry barriers, it represents usually the simplest way to earn a livelihood for the masses of unskilled workers or newly arrived migrants.
A third formal option for the urban poor in inner-city areas are low-cost hostels, pensions or cheap hotels, which can be found frequently near the bus- or train stations. These accommodations are used by migrants or single persons as entry basis to the city and are often characterized by the same problems, such as overcrowding and poor service provision. Informal options of housing consist mostly of authorized and unauthorized squatter dwellings, contributing a larger share of available housing units than the formal options.
Depending on the cultural region these factors may vary also regarding to infra‐ structural and structural criteria. In this work the term ‘marginal settlements’ is used as the generic term interchangeably with the term ‘slum’ and comprising the innercity slums as well as the squatter settlements. Squatters: In Australian history a person called ‘squatter’ meant someone occu‐ pying crown land for sheep breeding purposes with a legal license to do so. While the Australian squatter had a legal basis for his occupation, the North American squatter was someone occupying government owned land without any legal author‐ ization.