Forestry

Download The Earthscan Reader in Forestry and Development (Earthscan by Jeffrey Sayer PDF

By Jeffrey Sayer

'Whether you're a professional conservationist or forestry expert, an aspiring scholar or just a involved citizen, this ebook is for you' David Kaimowitz, Director basic, CIFOR preparations for the governance and administration of forests were altering speedily in contemporary many years. The post-Rio interval has been certainly one of unparalleled re-assessment of what the world's woodland assets include, who they need to belong to, who may still take advantage of their conservation and administration, and the way all of this could be geared up. This selection of amazing papers on forests, improvement and livelihoods (until now greatly dispersed in the course of the literature) brings jointly the newest pondering on those matters, and may provide scholars and practitioners of forestry and normal source administration a quick assessment of what's altering, how and why. The papers supply a balanced view of matters which have been debatable or which the media and influential selection makers have misunderstood or misrepresented. This booklet updates and supersedes the best-selling Earthscan Reader in Tropical Forestry, edited by means of Simon Rietbergen, yet this time with a broader concentration masking every kind of forests and contexts.

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Extra info for The Earthscan Reader in Forestry and Development (Earthscan Readers Series)

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7 Major areas of forest under protection status shown in black forests, including 14 of the 17 megadiversity countries in the world and the top seven of the ten leading industrial roundwood-producing countries. The study indicates that about 77 per cent of the world’s forest is (as per national laws) owned and administered by governments, at least 4 per cent is reserved for communities, at least 7 per cent is owned by local communities, and approximately 12 per cent is owned by individuals. It shows the importance of community reserves and ownership to be even higher when considering developing countries alone, with community-owned and administered forests totalling at least 377 million hectares, or at least 22 per cent of all developing country forests – thrice the amount owned by private individuals or industry.

Government subsidies to the agriculture and forestry sectors are also a major underlying cause of deforestation. OECD estimates that around US$35 billion goes in subsidies to the forest industry each year globally (Pearce, 2002).

Estimates arising from new analytical models developed by FAO indicate that the global annual consumption of fuelwood peaked in the mid-1990s at about 1600 million m3 and may now be slowly declining. However, in contrast the global consumption of charcoal is still growing rapidly and wood utilized for charcoal has more than doubled in the last three decades to about 270 million m3 per annum in 2000 (Arnold et al, 2003). On aggregate, total woodfuel consumption (fuelwood plus wood for charcoal) is still rising but at a declining rate and substantially less rapidly than the equivalent growth in population.

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