By Christoph Strobel
The international Atlantic offers a concise, full of life evaluate of the complicated and various heritage of the higher Atlantic area from 1400 to 1900. in this interval, the lands round the Atlantic basin – Europe, Africa, and the Americas – grew to become deeply interconnected in networks of alternate, cultural alternate, and geopolitics that reshaped those areas and the area past. during this obtainable and interesting textual content, Christoph Strobel integrates the Atlantic into global historical past, exhibiting that the Atlantic oceanic procedure used to be constantly interlinked with the remainder of globe.
From the Mediterranean origins of slave-worked sugar plantations to the chinese language call for for silver from American mines, The worldwide Atlantic discusses key examples of those connections with readability, permitting scholars to appreciate how current principles and incentives formed the rising international Atlantic, and the way those Atlantic structures in flip created the area we are living in today.
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Additional resources for The Global Atlantic: 1400 to 1900
And, finally, the Muslim states caught up with military technology, eradicating the Europeans’ comparative advantage in this area. By the time the Spanish Habsburg Empire took over Portugal in 1580, the Iberians had lost almost all of their holdings in North Africa with the exception of a few footholds like Ceuta, the city that had started it all. 14 West African Empires—Global Connections Like the Atlantic regions examined above,West Africa was deeply involved with trans-regional trade. The extensive West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay who dominated West Africa from the ninth to the sixteenth centuries, and smaller communities as well, were economically linked with the outside world through a vast trans-Saharan trade network.
They would also demand human beings to be used for labor, such as road and temple building, military expansion, and human sacrifice. The number of people sacrificed by the Aztecs is a subject of intense debate among historians and archeologists. Mesoamerican societies had long practiced human sacrifice as part of important religious ceremonies, and the Aztecs might have increased the rate of such sacrificial killings. One root of the human sacrifice is found in the Aztec cosmology: they believed that the sun, the source of all life, depended on human blood in order to rise each day.
He observed in his writing that “the safety, too, was very great, so 30 Trans-Regional Interactions that a traveler may proceed alone among them, without the least fear of a thief or robber. ”20 Mali’s most famous leader, Mansa Kankan Musa, provides us with a tangible example of the empire’s links with greater Afro-Eurasia. Unlike the leaders of Ghana, Mali’s rulers and elite adopted Islam and in the mid-1320s, as one of the major tenets of Islam, Mansa Musa made a pilgrimage to Mecca. His remarkable journey also gives us an impression of the wealth of Mali.