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By Lynn Stephen

This richly precise examine chronicles fresh political occasions in southern Mexico, as much as and together with the July 2000 election of Vicente Fox. Lynn Stephen makes a speciality of the that means that Emiliano Zapata, the good image of land reform and human rights, has had and now has for rural Mexicans. Stephen files the increase of the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas and exhibits how this uprising used to be understood in different elements of Mexico, rather in Oaxaca, giving a brilliant feel of rural existence in southern Mexico. Illuminating the cultural dimensions of those political occasions, she exhibits how indigenous Mexicans and others shaped their very own responses to neoliberal financial coverage, which ended land reform, inspired privatization, and has led to expanding socioeconomic stratification in Mexico.

Mixing unique ethnographic fabric drawn from years of fieldwork in Mexico with old fabric from numerous resources, Stephen indicates how activists have appropriated symbols of the revolution to construct the modern political move. Her wide-ranging narrative touches at the heritage of land tenure, racism, gender concerns within the Zapatista circulate, neighborhood political tradition, the Zapatista rebellion of the Nineteen Nineties and its aftermath, and extra. an important addition to our wisdom of social swap in modern Mexico, Zapata Lives! additionally deals readers a version for engaged, activist anthropology.

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Extra info for Zapata Lives!: Histories and Cultural Politics in Southern Mexico

Sample text

The claims to the Mexican Revolution staked by the government of Lázaro Cárdenas and subsequent PRI governments have built on each other’s legacy, but have ultimately shifted the meaning of the Revolution. The most extreme change is probably President Salinas de Gortari’s use of Emiliano Zapata to market the end of agrarian reform—a message distinctly different from that of President Cárdenas, who used the same symbol to actively promote land redistribution, the formation of ejidos, and the building of a government-sponsored national peasant organization.

There were no roads, no services, and little contact for quite some time. The locational differences of these communities influenced their political relations. And in each, the particular local, historical experiences that people accumulated in relation to the government became part of the representational and physical geographies from which they viewed the nation; their sense of literal and representational place informed their nation views. These views, and the ways that they have challenged the vision of Mexico projected by the new order of the North American Free Trade Agreement, are at the heart of this book.

These changes through time, as well as the influence of local experience and history captured in differential nation views, are the basis for competing dissenting narratives of the nation that may themselves become dominant discourses. The fashioning of local Zapatismo through the process (described in chapter 5) of building the Zapatista Army of National Liberation in distinct regions of Chiapas in the 1980s, and then the projection of that Zapatismo to the Mexican nation and to other parts of the world (described in chapter 6), is such an example.

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